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over the long term, along with other justice programs, to contribute to a decrease in the rate of victimization, crime and incarceration among Aboriginal people in communities operating AJS programs; to assist Aboriginal people to assume greater responsibility for the administration of justice in their communities; to provide better and more timely information about community justice programs funded by the AJS; and. They included contributions from both the federal and provincial governments, and, in most cases, considered two recent fiscal years of activities and expenditures. As intended, Photovoice enabled the evaluators to perceive the world from the viewpoint of the community members—those who are most involved and impacted by the community-based justice programs. Published: May 1, 2019 . Both the Department of Justice and the Department of Indian and Northern Affairs Canada allocate funding to the AJS. The general policy work undertaken by the ALSP on Aboriginal justice issues assists the AJD in improving justice outcomes for Aboriginal people and increasing Aboriginal community involvement in the administration of justice. The AJS has undergone a series of renewals and expansions, culminating in the recent 2007 Budget announcement to renew the AJS until 2012. The Supreme Court of Canada also emphasized the far-reaching consequences of maintaining Aboriginal offenders in a system that largely fails to serve and rehabilitate them: “Not surprisingly, the excessive imprisonment of aboriginal people is only the tip of the iceberg insofar as the estrangement of the aboriginal peoples from the Canadian criminal justice system is concerned. The Victorian AJA is a long-term partnership between the Aboriginal community and the Victorian Government. Many people believed both cases reflected discrimination in the justice system. What impact has the community-based justice program had in your community. The Strategy contains the path forward to modernizing the existing criminal justice system as well as the rebuilding of Indigenous justice systems. This approach helps to increase a sense of responsibility for one’s actions and gives the individual a greater connection to their community. THE ABORIGINAL JUSTICE STRATEGY. Community-based justice program funding supports Aboriginal communities in developing and operating culturally relevant justice programs that give communities significant responsibility for working with offenders, and for resolving civil and criminal disputes, at the local level. During the same year(2004), a total of 28,600 individuals were charged in Canada for offences committed on-reserve including 17,126 individuals charged with non-violentf fences, which are the type of offences that are typically referred to the community-based justice programs. More specifically, the AJS pursues three objectives: The AJS includes six program components that can be grouped into two categories, namely community-based activities, which are supported through contribution agreements, and support measures, which are carried out internally within the Department of Justice. That Aboriginal communities assume greater responsibility for community-based justice programs and other community services in the administration of justice in their communities; That Aboriginal values are reflected and included in the administration of justice in Canada; That there be a reduction in the rates of crime, victimization and incarceration among Aboriginal peoples. The Koori Youth Justice Strategy engaged TACSI to facilitate a process that would support the Aboriginal Justice Unit to develop a strategy to reduce Aboriginal Youth engagement with the justice system by 30% by 2030. [3]   The Correctional Investigator Canada. ... primarily through an Aboriginal Youth Justice Strategy, which is in the early stages of development. Within the study, offenders who participated in an AJS program are referred to throughout this summary as “program participants.”  Offenders who did not participate in an AJS program are referred to as “comparison group members.”   Criminal behaviour is defined in terms of criminal offences that result in convictions (or findings of guilt in the case of young offenders). Funding for aboriginal justice program will continue despite budget concerns. 4.1.2 Increased Aboriginal community ownership of and access to data. Restrictions are in place to help slow the spread of coronavirus (COVID-19) and save lives.For more information visit the … 1 S.R.C. Furthermore, as more Aboriginal people become involved in justice administration, a greater understanding of Aboriginal needs will evolve and, consequently, contribute to the necessary conditions for sustainable improvements within the mainstream justice system. Burra Lotjpa Dunguludja contributes to making Aboriginal families and communities safer, and equitable justice outcomes. Improvements in access to justice programs have been realized because the mandates of the Aboriginal Justice Strategy (AJS) were enhanced and expanded. This increased capacity will contribute to the development of more appropriate responses to Aboriginal over-representation and, over the longer term, reduce the percentage of Aboriginal people coming in contact with the criminal justice system in communities with AJS programs. Aboriginal Justice Strategy CJW Community Justice Worker The Department Department of Justice Canada FPT Federal-Provincial-Territorial FPT WG Federal-Provincial-Territorial Working Group Gs&Cs Grants and Contributions INAC Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada KI Key Informant MJS The AJS is one component of the federal government's response to the well-documented fact that a disproportionate number of Aboriginal people are in conflict with the law. The core objective of this evaluation is to review AJS activities that were funded between 2002-03 and 2006-07 and assess their impacts. With this approach, the participants record and reflect on issues that are important to them. In 2004, Aboriginal people were more likely than non-Aboriginal people to have come into contact with police as victims of crime (13% compared to 7%), as witnesses to a crime (11% compared to 6%), or by virtue of being arrested (5% compared to 1%). The administration of justice in Aboriginal societies is relationship-centred and attempts to take into account the consequences of dispositions on individuals and the community, as well as on the offender. "The Aboriginal Justice Strategy builds on this Government's commitment to reduce and prevent crime, strengthen the justice system and promote safer communities. 4.2 Greater Aboriginal community leadership and strategic decision making. The study compared the likelihood of re-offending of individuals who participated in an AJS program with that of individuals who were referred to, but did not participate in, an AJS program. [4]   Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. Results-Based Management and Accountability Framework (RMAF) 2002-2007 Aboriginal Justice Strategy. The Department realigned the AJS related policy functions to the Aboriginal Law and Strategic Policy group within the Aboriginal Affairs Portfolio, as a result of its policy capacity. It is a successful program that helps steer Aboriginal people away from a lifestyle of crime, provides hope and opportunity for Aboriginal youth and helps end cycles of violence." Quality training for program staff was identified to be extremely important to the success of a program as was corporate memory for such things as best practices. Chris Fleming, Aboriginal Justice Directorate, It has long been established that Aboriginal people have much more contact with the criminal justice system than other groups. Details of the findings of these studies follow. Of this total, approximately 4,500 clients were accepted for non-violent Criminal Code offences. Context of the evaluation 1.2. Introduction. Helping to re-establish connections between the offenders, the victims, and the community; Opening up communication and providing a forum for dialogue between people affected by either an offence or another issue brought to one of the programs, a forum which would not generally be available through the mainstream justice system; and. Objectives of the evaluation 1.3. Aboriginal Justice Strategy Summative Evaluation Inventory of Interview Questions. Aboriginal communities face a range of challenges in the implementation of their community-based justice programs, including the high level of turnover among the community program staff and mainstream justice personnel (prosecutors, police offices) who refer Aboriginal offenders. The Koori Youth Justice Strategy engaged TACSI to facilitate a process that would support the Aboriginal Justice Unit to develop a strategy to reduce Aboriginal Youth engagement with the justice system by 30% by 2030. As this Court recently noted (…), there is widespread bias against aboriginal people within Canada, and “[t]here is evidence that this widespread racism has translated into systemic discrimination in the criminal justice system.”, (…) These findings cry out for recognition of the magnitude and gravity of the problem, and for responses to alleviate it. The Victorian Aboriginal Affairs Framework (VAAF) is the government’s overarching framework that brings together government and Aboriginal community commitments and efforts to improve outcomes for Aboriginal Victorians. Final Report. [6]   See Department of Justice (2002). The Aboriginal Justice Caucus has been critical in strengthening partnerships between the Aboriginal community and the Victorian Government to drive effective and self-determining change under Burra Lotjpa Dunguludja. As a part of the case studies, the Department of Justice utilized an innovative participatory method called Photovoice, where program participants from the case study communities took pictures to represent their experiences with community based justice. The AJS may cover up to 100 percent of the activities under this component. Photovoice is based on the premise that community members are the most knowledgeable about the situation in their respective communities and about solutions that work. The Department of Indian and Northern Affairs Canada contributes $2 million annually while the Department of Justice contributes the remaining portion. There are a number of programs that are targeted at Aboriginal people that offer alternatives to access justice. ... Aboriginal Justice College TOP. In 1988, Aboriginal leader, J.J Harper, was killed in a confrontation with a police constable. The findings presented in Section 4 point to the following set of conclusions about the relevance and performance of the AJS. This is meant to bridge the disconnect between Aboriginal peoples’ unique personal and community background and experiences, and the criminal justice system. In 1988, Aboriginal leader, J.J Harper, was killed in a confrontation with a police constable. Aboriginal people represent 3.3% of the Canadian population, but make up 18% of total provincial and territorial sentenced admissions. Corrective Services NSW (CSNSW) collaborates with other government and non-government agencies to reduce the incarceration and re-offending rates of Aboriginal people. The Aboriginal Justice Caucus, consisting of Aboriginal Elders and leaders, is leading the development of the first Aboriginal Youth Justice strategy, which will be informed by the work of the Koori Youth Justice Taskforce, led by the Commissioner for Aboriginal Children and Young People in partnership with Youth Justice. The Aboriginal Youth Justice Strategy (the strategy) is being developed in partnership with members of the Aboriginal Justice Caucus, under the guiding principles of self-determination, as enshrined in Burra Lotjpa Dunguludja (the fourth phase of the Aboriginal Justice Agreement). Even without including the higher costs of holding a trial in a remote location, the AJS was still found to be a more cost-effective approach in dealing with offenders than sending them into the mainstream justice system. These activities operate jointly, supporting and complementing one another in meeting the overall objectives of the AJS. Description of the Aboriginal Justice Strategy. The following provides a summary of the main themes from the case studies that were conducted in support of the evaluation. For instance, the role of the program coordinator was found to be pivotal to the success of the program, and skilled program staff and volunteers equally so. Photovoice participants received some training and were instructed to take pictures related to three themes: Photovoice participants later met to tell the stories of their pictures, which were documented through narrative note taking and digital recording, when possible. The incarceration rates for Aboriginal people are much higher than the rate for non-Aboriginal persons[45]. Create lists, bibliographies and reviews: or Search WorldCat. In 2006, the Department of Justice’s Evaluation Division conducted case studies with 10 communities that have established community-based justice programs through AJS funding and that volunteered to participate in this process. 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